Hold Departure Order
A Hold Departure Order (HDO) is a directive issued by the Secretary of Justice and the Regional Trial Courts (RTC) that prohibits individuals from leaving the Philippines.
It contains the following information:
- The complete name of the person against whom a Hold Departure Order has been issued
- Aliases, if any
- Date and place of birth
- Place of last residence of the person against whom the HDO is issued
- Passport details
- Recent photograph, if available
- The complete title and docket number of the case in which the HDO was issued
- The specific nature of the case
- The date of the Hold Departure Order
An HDO may be issued when:
- The accused, regardless of nationality, has a pending criminal case before the RTC
- The presence of an alien is required for a case pending litigation or before any other administrative agency of the government
- The accused needs to be held in the interest of national security, public safety, or public health
Watch List Order
A Watch List Order (WLO) prohibits people from leaving the Philippines without first getting clearance from the Department of Justice. Like the HDO, a WLO is issued by the RTC. The information contained in the WLO is the same as that of the HDO.
A WLO can be lifted or cancelled when:
- The validity of the WLO expires
- The person under a WLO has been acquitted of the charge
- The person under a WLO has been allowed by the court to leave the country during the pendency of the case
- The preliminary investigation or petition for review or motion for reconsideration is terminated
Allow Departure Order
An Allow Departure Order (ADO) is a directive that permits a person to leave the Philippines. To file for an ADO, submit an application to the Commissioner of Immigration and the appropriate government agency.
For an ADO to be issued, the following requirements must be submitted:
- An affidavit clearly stating the purpose and inclusive period of the intended travel, and a stipulation to immediately report to the Department of Justice upon return
- An authority to travel or a travel clearance from any of the following:
- The court
- The appropriate government office where the case upon which the issued HDO and/or WLO was based
- The investigating prosecutor in charge of the subject case
In some cases, a person with an HDO or named in a WLO can be issued an Allow Departure Order. To apply for an ADO, the person must provide an exceptional reason for leaving and subsequently take an oath before the Secretary of Justice.
When filing for an ADO, the following must be submitted:
- Duly notarized letter-request
- Affidavit of undertaking stating the purpose and the inclusive period of the intended travel
- Authority to travel from the appropriate office where the case is pending (for those under HDO)
- Authority to travel from the investigating prosecutor where the case is pending (for those under WLO)
Consult with Duran & Duran-Schulze Law for matters pertaining to Allow Departure Orders, Hold Departure Orders, or Watch List Orders. Give them a call at (+632) 478 5826 or send an email to firstname.lastname@example.org.