Dear Atty. Duran-Schulze,
Can a dual citizen run for the position of barangay chairman?
As to your question, it would depend whether such dual citizens are a citizen by birth or a citizen by naturalization.
The Supreme Court has held that Filipinos born to one Filipino parent and one foreign parent are considered dual citizens by birth and not by naturalization, regardless of subsequent acts performed to confirm the foreign citizenship.
If such person with dual citizenship is a dual citizen by birth, he/she shall still be considered a Filipino qualified to run for public office.
A dual citizen by birth is not covered by the provisions of the Citizenship Retention and Re-acquisition Act requiring candidates who are dual citizens by naturalization to take an oath of allegiance to the Republic of the Philippines and to renounce their foreign citizenships in order to become eligible for elective office.
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